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Answers #1



 1 - B - You should pull over to the side of the road as soon as possible, whether the emergency vehicle is coming from behind, front, or sides.


 2 - C - Jaws of Life. This is used to spread apart, or crush together, parts of vehicle to make it possible for firefighters and rescue workers to get injured out of cars, buses, and trucks that have been in bad accidents.


 3 - D - About $4000 for each firefighter. This what is called the "turn out"or "bunker" gear. That includes the helmet, coat, pants, and boots. This does NOT include Air Packs used for breathing while inside a burning building or if there is noxious fumes.


 4 - C - It helps protect the firefighter from the water, flames, heat, and falling material. The reflective tape makes it easier to "see" firefighters in smoke.  Paper burns at 451 Degrees Fahrenheit. Many of the materials used for fire outfits can withstand temperatures up to 700 Degrees Fahrenheit. Some of the newer materials, Nomex combined with Kevlar, can withstand temperatures to 1050 Degrees. There is even a PBI Kevlar blend that can withstand temperatures to 1300 Degrees. Of course, the materials that can withstand higher temperatures have higher costs.


 5 - B - One is given to a firefighter who will always be outside when a firefighter goes into a burning building so it is possible to know which firefighters are inside.  The other always stays on the helmet so the firefighter can be identified, even if unconscious.


 6 - D - Nothing! All of the firefighters are volunteers.


 7 - D - None. As all of the Ridge Firefighters are volunteers they get a "page" and, if they are local, leave their jobs, meals, picnics, whatever to go to a fire or accident.

                {Click to hear page}


 8 - C - In 2000 the fully equipped rescue truck cost about $400,000. In 2002 the same truck would cost over $500,000. In 2015 it cost almost $800,000!!


 9 - A - Some of the differences are because, just as in cars, styles change. However most of the differences are due to use, what is needed. A rescue truck doesn’t need to carry a lot of water or foam but it does need lots of spaces for storing special rescue equipment. A rescue truck needs lots of lights to be able to see a night. A ladder truck is specially designed to carry many long ladders. A pumper is designed to be able to pump the water to the fire from it’s own water tank or from nearby ponds or streams. A "brush" truck is meant to be able to drive over rough ground so it can get to brush fires that aren’t near roads.


10 - C - Foam is used to "special" fires such as oil or gasoline. Water would make the burning oil or gasoline spread out. The foam sits on top of the fire, without making it spread, and smothers it. Since foam costs a lot of money it is only used when needed.


11 - C - A fire needs fuel to burn, air to allow it to burn, and heat to keep burning. A fire will go out if you remove the fuel, as in turn off the gas on a gas grill; if you remove the air, as in spreading foam over the fire; or removing the heat, as in spraying with water. Water will also close off the supply of air.


12 - C - Stop, Drop, and roll. If you run you will be "pushing" air into the fire and air helps a fire burn. If you roll on the ground you are cutting off the air supply to the fire.


13 - B - To chop a hole into burning buildings to let smoke out or to clear a path so firefighters can get in or help get people out.


14 - B - About 20 to 25 pounds. This does NOT include the weight of an Air Pack which is about 15 pounds, if it is a "composite" bottle, or about 30 pounds, if it is a metal bottle.


15 - C - To prevent the fire extinguisher from "firing" before needed.


16 - D - The worst thing that you could do is hide in a closet. You and your family should have a plan on how to get out of the house if there is a fire and where to meet once you are out of the building. You need a safe place away from the house. A two story house is about 30 feet high at the top of the roof. You need to be further than 30 feet away in case a wall falls over.


17  - C - Crawl. Smoke comes from a fire which is hot. Hot air, with the smoke, rises. If there’s a lot of smoke there will be the most air to breathe and the least amount of smoke to see through near the floor.


18 - B - Join your family at your meeting place and wait for the firefighters!! Call 911 to report the fire.


19 - A - To make noise to wake sleepers up if there is a fire so they can get out. Smoke detectors need to be tested on a regular schedule and the batteries should be replaced at least once a year. A good time is when you celebrate New Years. You give all of your smoke detectors a New Years present.


20 - A - 16. Some other fire companies in the area allow 14 and 15 year olds to volunteer. At 18, and after training, a person can wear Air Packs to go into buildings, etc. Before 18 they can train, ride on the trucks to a scene, if there’s room, and assist at the scene. There are many things that need to be done at a scene such as get messages to another person, get Air Packs off the trucks and ready, etc.

21 - C - Get everyone out of the building, then call 911 or the fire department. In the time it takes to call the fire department, the smoke in the building could injure people still in the building.



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